Natural Resources

2017-09-22 17:21 Information sources:China·Rushantimes font:[ large Middle Small ]

[Land Resources]  By the end of 2015, Rushan City was covered 166,488 hectares land area totally, and per capita land area was 0.3 hectares. Of which the area used for agriculture was 136,190.62 hectares,accounting for 82% of the total land area; the construction land area occupied 16,403.31 hectares, accounting for 10% of the total land area: unused land area reached 13,894.56 hectares, 8% of the total land area. Arable land area was 58,369.95 hectares, of which the basic farmland area was 52,294.22 hectares, per capita arable land area was 0.1039 hectares.

In Rushan, diverse soil types are beneficial to the comprehensive development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery. There are 4 soil types, 8 sub-classes, 75 generics, and 153 soil species. Brown soil is the most widely distributed whose available area was 119,487 hectares, distributing in the terraces of the surrounding mountains, sloping land and land of the mountain ridge; moisture soil’ available area reaches 18,520 hectares, which distributes in the Rushan river, costal anchorage ground in the Huanglei river, and offshore towns along the coast; The available area of cinnamon soil is 33 hectares, distributing in the south mountain ridge of the Tianjia village, Yazi town; The total area of saline soil was 212 hectares, which is located in the offshore Xujia and Rushankou towns.

[Mineral Resources]  By the end of 2015, 25 various minerals were discovered (sub-minerals included): metallic minerals mainly contain gold, iron, copper, silver, and so on, non-metallic minerals mainly contain granite, marble, sulfur, graphite, spar, quartz, limestone, bentonite, potash feldspar, kaolin and so on. 14 kinds of reserves of resources had been identified, and 11 kinds of those had been developed and applied, at present, we was developing granite for the use of decorative surface and construction, as well as 8 other resources like gold, iron, terrestrial heat, feldspar, silver (accompanying element) and accompanying sulfur. Gold mine is mainly located at the edge zone of the Jiaolai Basin and in the Xiachu town of the Murucheng ore belt. Iron mine is located in the Maling of the Zhuwang town, Shentong Temple, Simazhuang of the Rushanzhai town. Granite is mainly located in the Panjia, Gongjia of the Baishatan town, the Fengjia town along Wolong.

(Wu Tengfei)

[Water Resources]   The water resources in Rushan are mainly composed of surface runoff and underground latent water resulting from atmospheric precipitation, whose resource quantity and space-time allocation are restricted and affected by rainfall. By the end of 2010, the assessment of the water resources by Weihai City showed that, in Rushan, the average total number of water resources over the years was 488 million m3, the number of the average surface water resources over the years was 430 million m3, and the number of the average underground latent water over the years was 147 million m3. The surface water can be used 105 million m3, and the groundwater can be mined 87 million m3. Most of the surface water enjoys quality of class Ⅲ above, being part of the first type of water containing bicarbonate, calcium group, magnesium group, presents neutral or weak alkaline (pH 7 ~ 8, hardness 4.2 to 8.4 odH), which is suitable for drinking and agricultural irrigation. With pore water, fissure water, vein rock water constituting the major storage of the underground latent water, they are mainly the bicarbonate water seeing chemical, then the sulphate water (chiefly distributed in the middle and lower reaches of Huangli River basin), whose degree of salinity is less than 1g/l, is fresh water. Lied in Tangshang village, Fengjia town, Xiaotang Hot Spring is developed in medical care and bathing, and its water temperature is 40℃~60℃, up to 75℃ and the salinity degree of it is 2.644g/l. Rushan City is the area poor in water resources, reflecting that the average per capita water availability holds 1/3 of the whole nation, therefore, it seems to be a crucial work to efficiently use and effectively protected the water resources.

Rivers within Rushan belong to peninsula margin drainage system, and they are rain source rivers in the monsoon region. The rivers are endowed with many characteristics: the gradient of river beds is large, the origin of those rivers is short, but they crashes their way through the city with sharply rising and falling, additionally, seasonal factors place a huge influence in volume of runoff, especially in the dry season, river break-flow becomes a frequent occurrence. China, in its first-ever water conservancy census, found that there were 393 rivers whether large or small, of those, 71 rivers’s length extending over 2.5km. As the largest river in Rushan City, Rushan river originates from Dongshangshan village, Zhuwang town, whose overall length reaches 78km, flows through the area that covers 1,039 km2.Huanglei River originates from Qujiakou village, Lvgezhuang town, Muping District, Yantai City, whose total length and drainage area are 71km and 635km2 respectively. So large-scale is the Longjiaoshan reservoir that it can accommodate 111 million m3 totally, of those, the capacity of Xingli reservoir is 67 million m3. It is the biggest key water source location making fresh water and drinking water in Rushan, listed in China Important Drinking Water Resource Location.

[Biological Resources]  There is 15 meters contour within 66,667 hectares of the shallow sea, within the range, 6,667 hectares mud flats can be used for developing and raising seafood. Shallow sea and beach possess more than 100 kinds of aquatic resources, mainly including: mackerel, jellyfish, octopus, mackerel, shrimp, eagle claw shrimp, cuttlefish, horse dolphin, flounder, bass, barracuda, yellow croaker, yellow girl, Mussels, oysters, clams, mud clam, clams, scallops, Sinonovacula constricta and so on. In the coastal zone, 412 marine cratures live here, which contain 91 phycophyta like red algae, brown algae, green algae; 321 animals like mollusc, arthropod, annelida, echinoderms, coelenterate, and spongia. The inter-tidal zone is rich in biomass, with an average total biomass of 333.68g/m 3, mainly includes algae and mollusc. The average biological density is 1538.26/m3, mainly includes mollusc and crustaceans.

It is where diverse wild animals coexist in like 18 species of beasts, 189 species of birds, 7 species of amphibians, 14 species of reptiles, 29 species of fish. Of those, 26 species of animals are covered with national second class protected animal, 40 species of animals are covered with wild preferential conservation animal in Shangdong Province, 146 species of wild animals are listed in A List on State Protected Terrestrial Wildlife That is Profitable to Economy and Scientific Research, and 21 species of animals are protected that are listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Terrestrial wild mammals mainly include Badger, hedgehog, weasel, hare, bats, hamster, etc.. Birds are mainly herons, egrets, magpies, sparrows, swallows, pheasants, crows, seagulls, woodpeckers and so on.

Rushan City is a resourceful area of various plants.There are more than 180 kinds of wild medicinal plants such as Radix Salviae, Radix Scutellariae, Radix Scutellariae, Campanulaceae, windproof plants, Salvia, herba, Honeysuckle, Speranskia, and Tibetan beetles. 70 other species of wild herb chiefly contain Themeda triandra, Arundinella hirta, Zoysia japonica, Eriophruysm, CapiLlipedium parvifLorum, Cleistogenes chinensis, yard grass, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Aegilopsae, Yantai thyme, Cypress, Gypsophila elegans, Silvergrass, reed, Aster, wild chrysanthemum and so on. According to the research of germ plasm resources by Shandong Province, by of the end of 2013, there were 366 species, 36 families and 142 genera, including Catalpa, Hovenia dulcis, Sanliwu medicine, Huashan alum, Mongolian oak, Yichang pods, wild persimmon, tassels, camellia, etc., listed in national and Shandong Province’s endangered tree species.The main tree species are pine, oak, acacia, black pine, larch, catalpa, maize, willow, ginkgo, tea, etc., and the main fruit trees are chestnut, walnut, persimmon, jujube, dates, hawthorn, apple, pear, apricot, plum, grapes and so on. The tree species we introduced were Acacia, Lodgepole pine, larch, heather, alder, Eucommia, Phyllostachys, Ligustrum lucidum, slash pine, Magnolia officinalis, fresh pine, jack pine, pitch pine, loblolly pine, camphor pine, Small dry pine, North American yellow pine, Himalayan pine, Cupresus chengiana and so on. Main natural shrub species are Winged euonymus, Lespedeza, azalea, wild rose, jujube and so on.

(Oceanic & Fishery Administration    Forestry Administration)

[Tourism Resources]  Rushan is a city with mountains and seas nearby, which is rich in tourism resources with various natural and cultural attractions. There are many holiday resorts such as Yintan Tourist Vacation Land with state-rank AAAA class, Binhai Tourist Vacation Land in the Daru mountain, Juyu Mountain Scenic Zone(a tourist vacation land with state-rank AAA class), More Bless Mountain National Health Maintenance Tourist Vacation Land, Shengshui Palace Daoism Health Maintenance Leisure Holiday Resort, Xiaotang Hot Spring Resort, Good Fortune Culture Park, Zhenghua Stone Buddha Scenic Zone, Taurus Valley Biological Agriculture Sightseeing Park, Taiyihu National Chateau Biological Cultural Area, and Mashishan Scenic Zone with state-rank AA class. What’s more, it possesses more than 11 demonstration sites of agricultural tourism at over provincial level, 5 demonstration sites of industry tourism at over provincial level, 5 tourism towns, and 8 tourism featured villages. The plan has been made based on the layout of tourism space “one core, three axes, three belts and six areas”. Rushan city has endeavored to improve Yintan Tourist Vacation Land as the leading part, at the same time, develops many leisure tourist vacation lands as Large Rushan Mountain, Juyu Mountain, Duofu Mountain, and Good Fortune Cultural Park, and fish fun tourist projects as small Qingdao and Nanhongnan village, and countryside tourist projects as Zhenghua Agriculture and Forestry Technology Demonstration Site, Taurus Valley Biological Agriculture Sightseeing Park, and Yitian Biological Tourist Sightseeing Park, and red culture scenic zones as Mashishan Mountain and Feng Deying Literature Museum. Rushan forms a tourist landscape group with “mountains link with sea”, multi-point layout and distinctive features.

(Qin Zikai) 

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